Descriptive Text

Hallo guys, this is the material of Descriptive Text. It is important for you to read this posting because you will get the some details information about Descriptive Text. Please read this carefully and enjoy it.” 

Descriptive text is a text that related to the sense of the writer who describe something loks, smells, tastes, and/or sounds. When the reader can understand and imagine the object which describe by the writer, it means that is a good descriptive text.

The generic structure of Descriptive has two principal components namely Identification and Description.

Text element

(Generic structure)

Function

Identification

–    A statement that describe about the object that will describe.-    Statement should be interesting that can provoke the reader to become interest to read full of description text.-    The use of adjective or degree comparison will be very supported.

Description

–    Give a description about the object condition that can presents from each aspects (sides): location, people, weather, size, etc.-    Grammar Patterns:

  1. Present tense, present perfect tense.
  2. The verb; be (is , are), have, linking verbs (seems, looks, sounds, like).
  3. The use of adjective that have function to describe or illustrate the object condition

Language feature of Descriptive:

  • Language feature of Descriptive:
    • Using attributive and identifying process
    • Using Simple Present Tense (example: she is beautiful women, he has brown eyes, he studies in the school, etc)
    • Using linking verbs/relating verbs (examples:  The temple is so magnificent, The temple consists of five terraces)
    • Using positive degree of adjectives (examples: The rhinoceros is as big as the hippopotamus, he has tall but he is not as tall as basketball players, a crocodile has the same shape as an alligator, an eagle is different from a condor, etc)
    • Using comparative degree of adjectives (examples:  The weather in Jakarta is hotter than Bandung, he is bigger than elephant, he is taller than you, etc)
    • Using adjectives rule:
    • Opinion (adjective yang menunjukkan pendapat tentang sesuatu/seseorang) : Beautiful, Ugly, Clever, Expensive, Funny, Pretty, etc.
    • Size/Dimension (adjective yang menunjukkan ukuran besar kecilnyasesuatu/seseorang) : Small, Big, Large, Fat, Thin, etc.
    • Age (adjective yang menunjukkan umur sesuatu/seseorang) : Old, Young, New, etc.
    • Shape (adjective yang menunjukkan bentuk sesuatu/ seseorang) : Round, Square, Circle, Oval, Square, Flat, Rectangular, etc.
    • Color (adjective yang menunjukkan warna sesuatu/ seseorang) : red, blue, green, yellow, brown, etc.
    • Origin (adjective yang menunjukkan asal sesuatu/seseorang atau kenegaraan seseorang) : Spanish, Dutch, American, Indonesian, Chinese, Javanese, Italian, etc.
    • Material (adjective yang menunjukkan materi yang membentuk suatu benda) : glass, paper, letter, wooden, metal, cotton, etc.
    •  Purpose (adjective yang menunjukkan tujuan/kegunaan benda, sering berupa gerund (V-ing)) : sleeping bag, baking pan, water can, etc.

    To describe something, you have to use spatial order. Spatial order is arrangement of items in order by space. As follows:

    For example, when describe  a place, the writer could first describe things on the left side and then move clockwise around to the right side or otherwise. if the writer jumped back and forth, it would be very difficult for the reader to try the writer’s mind.

    While, when describe a person, the writer could begin with an overall impression and then focus on the person’s head, then the face, and then on one part of the face such as the eyes.

To describe something, you have to use spatial order. Spatial order is arrangement of items in order by space. As follows:

For example, when describe  a place, the writer could first describe things on the left side and then move clockwise around to the right side or otherwise. if the writer jumped back and forth, it would be very difficult for the reader to try the writer’s mind.

While, when describe a person, the writer could begin with an overall impression and then focus on the person’s head, then the face, and then on one part of the face such as the eyes.

Example of Describing place:

Dieng Plateau

Dieng Plateau is the most interesting places. It is one of the most beautiful natural wonders in Indonesia.

It is located in the border of Banjarnegara and Wonosobo, Central Java about 30 km from Wonosobo city. Dieng is a giant volcano mountain that still active until now. It is about 2000 m on surface of the sea. 

It has cool weather most of the time. Its temperature is about 15-20°C  in the noon and 10°C  in the night. As it is far from industries of any kinds, the air is always fresh and there is no pollution. There are several of kettles in Dieng plateau area, consist of Sikidang kettle, Sileri kettle, Sinila kettle, and Candradimuka kettle.

It is the one of the big plateaus in the world. It has many beautiful temples that separated into the several complex. The temples are Arjuna temple, Gatotkaca temple, Bima temple, Sembadra temple, Srikandi temple, Setyaki temple, Gangsiran Aswatama, and Dwarawati temple. Beside that, there are several lakes in Dieng plateau area, consist of Telaga Warna, Telaga Pengilon, and Telaga Merdada. These lakes are the favourite place in Dieng plateau area. In the near of lakes, there are also several caves that usually used as the meditation places. They are Semar cave, Jaran cave, and Sumur cave. In Dieng plateau area, it also has a theater of Dieng plateu. This theater showed all about Dieng, historically, Geographically, Sociality, and Economically. 

Dieng is the beautiful place that very interesting. 

CIMG4477

CRISTIANO RONALDO

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There is a professional football player who is very famous. Everyone around the world know to him. As a football player, he is as famous as an actor or actress in Hollywood. His name is Cristiano Ronaldo. But, most people usually call him as Ronaldo or CR7.

Ronaldo is come from Portugal, the country in Europe. He has black eyes, black hair and brown face. He is tall but he is not tall as tall as basketball players. He has proportional body as an athlete and he is very handsome guy. He is very kind person. He cares about children and to every tragedy events in the world.

Now, he plays for Real Madrid and he is the best football player in the world.   

Source: Oshima and Hogue and Pardiyono.

About Reza Ajie Saputra
I am a researcher of educational process. This blog has made to support my research.

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