Procedure Text

“Hallo guys, this is the material of procedure text. It is important for you to read this posting because you will get the some details information about procedure text. Please read this carefully and enjoy it.” 

Procedure is the set of steps which should be completed in the right sequence to get the goal. In our daily life, we often have to perform some steps to make or get something done. For example, early in the morning, you help your mother prepare cups of tea for all members of your family. In making cups of tea, you have to follow certain procedure in order to get a nice drink. Most of our daily activities are related with procedures. That is why, you should understand what a procedure text is, how to make and use it. The generic structure of procedure has three principal components namely (1) the goal, (2) materials and (3) steps.

A. Generic Structure of procedure

1. Goal : Title of the text (especially for a recipe)
2. Materials : Optional, not for all procedural texts
3. Steps : a series steps oriented to achieving the Goal

B. Generic Features
1. The use of Simple Present Tense, often in an imperative form e.g. Add some sugar, prepare it,.
2. The use mainly of temporal conjunction (or numbering to indicate sequence especially in written text)

a. As the sentence introducers (sequencers) especially in spoken text:
First … Firstly …
Second … Secondly …
Then … Thirdly …
After that … Afterwards …
Finally … Lastly …
e.g. Firstly, prepare some water!

b. As time introducers, especially in written text
… before …
After …
When …
While …
… until …
During …
e.g. While you are boiling the water, grind the chilies, onions and salt
Now read this text!

How to boil an egg
Do you know how to boil an egg? Well, this is the way!




  • First, heat a saucepan of water on the stove.
  • Then put the egg in the boiling water.
  • After that, heat it until it boils.
  • Next, cook it for three minutes.
  • Don’t leave the eggs until it gets burnt.
  •  Now, the egg is ready to serve.
  • Finally, serve it with pepper powder and salt.

About Reza Ajie Saputra
I am a researcher of educational process. This blog has made to support my research.

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