Passive Voice

“Hallo guys, this is the material of Passive Voice. It is important for you to read this posting because you will get the some details information about Passive Voice. Please read this carefully and enjoy it because I explained by using Bahasa.” 

Passive Voice

Membentuk Kalimat Passive

Dalam kalimat pasifobjek dari kalimat aktif menjadi subjek di kalimat pasifContoh:

Active: The children helped the old man.

Passive: The old man was helped by the children.

Dari contoh di atas, terlihat bahwa objek (the old man) di kalimat aktif menjadi subjek di kalimat passive. Hanya kalimat transitif (kalimat yang membutuhkan objek) yang digunakan dalam kalimat passif. Contoh:

Active: An accident happened.

Passive: (tidak ada)

Pembentukan kalimat passive

ACTIVE PASSIVE
Simple present The boy recites the holy Qurân. The holy Qurân is recited

by the boy.

Present continuous The boy is reciting the holy Qurân. The holy Qurân is being recited

by the boy.

Present perfect The boy has recited the holy Qurân. The holy Qurân has been recited

by the boy.

Simple past The boy recited the holy Qurân. The holy Qurân was recited

by the boy.

Past continuous The boy was reciting the holy Qurân. The holy Qurân was being recited

by the boy.

Past perfect The boy had recited the holy Qurân. The holy Qurân had been recited

by the boy.

(Simple) future The boy will recite the holy Qurân. The holy Qurân will be recited

by the boy.

Future perfect The boy would have recitedthe holy Qurân. The holy Qurân would have been

recited by the boy.

To be going to The boy is going to recite the holy Qurân. The holy Qurân is going to berecited by the boy.
Infinitive “to” The boy has to recite the holy Qurân. The holy Qurân has to be recited

by the boy.

Present participle/

Gerund

I like inviting friends to my home I like being invited to your home.

Catatan:

  1. Present perfect continuous, past perfect continuous, future continuous, dan future perfect continuous tidak dipakai dalam kalimat passive.
  2. Biasanya kalimat pasif digunakan tanpa kata byKalimat pasif umumnya digunakan ketika pelaku (subjek) tidak dikenal atau tidak penting untuk diketahui. Kata-kata by people, by me, by you, by the, by someone, by a man, by a boy, by the servant, dan seterusnya tidak perlu dipakai. Contoh: (a)  Rice is grown in India by someone.   (b) English is spoken all over the world by people.
  3.  “will dan would” di atas mewakili bentuk kata modal dan frasamodal lainnya: should, can, must, may, shall, had better, ought to, have to, is supposed to dan lainnya.

Pembentukan kalimat passive dalam bentuk pertanyaan

ACTIVE PASSIVE
Simple present Do you paint the room beautifully? Is the room beautifully painted

 by you?

Present continuous Are you painting the room beautifully? Is the room being beautifullypainted?
Present perfect Have you painted the room beautifully? Has the room been beautifullypainted?
Simple past Did you paint the room beautifully? Was the room beautifullypainted?
Past continuous Were you painting the room beautifully? Was the room being beautifully

 painted?

Past perfect Had you painted the room beautifully? Had the room been beautifully

painted?

(Simple) future Will you paint the room beautifully? Will the roombe beautifully painted?
Future perfect Will you have painted the room
beautifully before I come home?
Will the room have beenbeautifully
painted before I come home?
Infinitive “to” Do you have to paint the room

Beautifully?

Does the room have to bebeautifully painted?

Di dalam kalimat passive kata keterangan cara seperti beautifullywell, dan sebagainya biasanya diletakkan sebelum kata kerja ke III nya atau past participle. Contoh: The room was beautifully painted.

Rumus Passive Voice

Am, is, are, was, were

 

+ Verb III/Kata kerja ke III

Modal

(Will, shall, can, may, must, should, dll)

+ Be
Have, has, had + Been
Am, is are, was, were, preposition,

Kata kerja diikuti oleh gerund (enjoy,

Appreciate, mind, finish, delay, dll)

 

+ Being

Source:

  • Mastering Modern English Structure (1987) oleh Drs. Azhar Arsyad, MA
  • Understanding and Using English Grammar, Third Edition oleh Betty Schrampfer Azar

About Reza Ajie Saputra
I am a researcher of educational process. This blog has made to support my research.

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